As soon as we hear about hair transplant , many questions comes to our mind .what it is ?what will be the results ?does it really work?how much pain ?is it expensive ?how much time ?millions of questions.
The history of baldness and its remedies are very old.
People are looking for the treatment in their time as per their ability to understanding the disease and development in process of cure by oil,medicine and various other methods.
Modern history of hair transplantIn 1939, a Japanese dermatologist, Dr. Okuda, published a revolutionary method in a Japanese medical journal of using small grafts.
Again In the late 50’s one physician Dr. Norman Orentreich, began to experiment with the idea of relocating or transplanting the hair on the back and sides of the head to the balding areas. Dr.Orentreich’s experiments showed that when bald resistant hairs from the back and sides of the head were relocated, they maintained their bald resistant genetic characteristic regardless of where they were transplante
This was the beginning of modern hair transplant technique.
During the 60’s and 70’s doctors started to use larger grafts that were removed by round punches and often contained many hairs. During this period hair transplants grew in popularity.
In the 80’s hair restoration surgery evolved dramatically, as the large punch grafts were gradually replaced with a more refined combination of mini and micrografts.
The 90’s saw the gradual introduction of a very refined surgical procedure now known as “follicular unit hair transplantation” or “FUT
This was the beginning of hair transplant in modern world.
What exactly hair transplant is ?
Hair transplant is nothing but hair redistribution .precisely here we remove hair from back of the head and transplant it in required area.modern hair transplant is done with micrografts and there are two techniques to prepare micro grafts.one is fut or follicular unit transplant or srip method and other is fue or follicular unit extraction or non strip method or non surgical method
Also called strip method where we remove a required length of strip from back of the head or donor area .then with the help of microscope stip is slivered and cut down into micrografts.once grafts ready doctors implant it either by slit method or hole method in the required area.
This is called non surgical hair transplant where instead of taking a strip, direct grafts are extracted from donor area with the help of a motorised machine .
many people rush for surgery without properly researching the technique or the surgeon’s credentials.
In our day to day practice we observethat patients desire FUE simply because they heard that FUE is less invasive than FUT or is non-surgical. The reality is that both procedures involve surgery and in both cases the depth of the incisions (i.e. into the fat layer right below the hair follicles) is the same. The difference is in the type of incision made. In FUE there are multiple round incisions scattered diffusely through the donor area and in FUT there is one single, long incision in the middle of the donor area. FUE should be chosen if the multiple round incisions are preferred and not because the technique is “non-surgical.” The best idea is to listen from your doctor about both the process and based on your requirement choose the process.
Comparing FUE & FUT
Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE) and Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT) are frequently compared as if they are two totally different, even competing, hair transplant procedures. Despite this common misconception, the difference between FUE and FUT is the method by which follicular units are removed from the donor area in the back and sides of the scalp. The remainder of the procedure is essentially the same.
However, the harvesting method does have important implications for the hair restoration procedure as it will affect the total number of high quality grafts that can be harvested from the donor area and, ultimately, the fullness achieved from the hair transplant. In general, the harvesting method of FUT via strip is superior to that of FUE for two main reasons. The first reason is that the FUT procedure allows the surgeon to produce the highest quality grafts by isolating the follicle units with minimal trauma (this disadvantage is minimized with Robotic FUE). The second is that FUT enables the surgeon to best utilize the most permanent part of the donor area. To more fully understand these concepts, click: Graft Quality and Utilizing Donor Hair.
Because the differences between FUE and FUT are significant, the pros and cons of FUE should be considered when deciding which procedure is best for
Now other technique like body hair transplant is also evolving where surgeons remove hair from different part of body like chest ,armpit ,pubic area etc
EYE BROW ,BEARD MOUSTACHE ….CORRECTION can also be done by fue method
How to get good results
Most important factor is a very good doctor for perfect diagnosis as well as perfect execution of surgery.
A very good doctor who is experienced in understanding of different pathological condition of hair loss is first step .so always choose experienced or bonafied doctor.
After diagnosis if hair transplant is the treatment then for 80-90% regrowth you need a hair transplant surgeon who is experienced in all the detail of hair transplant as well as execution of surgery,experienced surgeon may charge little high but going to a inexperienced and bogus doctor will kill the purpose .