Nose surgery or rhinoplasty is a surgical procedure which is usually performed in order to improve the function (reconstructive surgery) or the appearance (cosmetic surgery) of a human nose by either an otolaryngologist (head and neck surgeon), maxillofacial surgeon, or plastic surgeon. Rhinoplasty is also commonly called “nose reshaping” or “nose job”. It can be undertaken to correct trauma, birth defects or breathing problems. It can also be combined with other surgical procedures such as chin augmentation to enhance the aesthetic results.
Rhinoplasty can be performed under a general anesthetic where in the patient is unconscious, sedation, or with local anesthetic wherein the surgical area is numbed. Initially, local anesthesia, is injected to numb the area and temporarily reduce bleeding risks.
The patient usually returns home on the same day after the surgery. Most surgeons recommend antibiotics and pain medications after surgery. Most people choose to remain home for a week, although it is safe to be outdoors. If there are external sutures, they are usually removed 4 to 5 days after surgery. The external cast is removed at one week. If there are internal stents, they are usually removed at four days to two weeks. The bruising usually lasts two weeks.