Facial implants are used to enhance certain features of the face, including cheeks, chin or jaw line. The surgery may be elective, or needed as the result of prior surgery on the face or trauma.
A candidate for a face implant needs to be in good physical and mental health.
In most cases, facial implant surgery is completed on an outpatient basis. The surgery may be under general anesthesia or local anesthesia with sedation. The length of surgery will depend on which part of the face that is corrected but it commonly lasts between one to two hours.
There are two types of implants: silicon and porex. Solid silicon implants have a long track record. None of the complaints related to breast implants have been tied to facial implants. Because they are solid they do not leak. Porex implants, as the name implies, are porous like a sponge, but solid to the touch. Each have their advantages and disadvantages, and the patient should seek information from the surgeon as to which might be best suited for them. Implants also come in various sizes and shapes. This makes it possible to fine tune the type of ‘look’ wished for.
Some types include -
- Cheek implant. The implant is placed internally through upper lip or externally via the lower eyelid. Stitches will vary depending on whether they are internal or external. The procedure takes about an hour.
- Lower jaw implant. The implant is placed inside the lower lip. Incision site will be secured with sutures that will dissolve in about one week. The procedure takes one to two hours.
- Chin implant. The implant is placed internally through the lower lip, or under the chin. As with the cheek implant, sutures will vary depending on whether they are internal or external. The procedure takes 30 minutes to an hour.
Someone should drive the patient home after the operation because the anesthetic drugs might make him/her drowsy. The surgeon will prescribe antibiotics and pain relievers for the initial few days. There may be bruising and swelling, which can last at least two days. Most people join work within a week.