Pigmentation / Hyperpigmentation is a common skin condition, where some areas or patches of skin turn darker in colour. It is usually a harmless condition, caused when there is too much of the pigment, melanin, on the surface of the skin. This condition can affect people of all races.

Types of Pigmentation

Melasma is a skin condition presenting as brown patches on the face of adults. Both sides of the face are usually affected. The most common sites of involvement are the cheeks, bridge of nose, forehead, and upper lip. Melasma usually occurs in women, with only 10% of men being affected.

Some pregnant women overproduce melanin and develop a condition called Chloasma or the “mask of pregnancy”, on their faces or occasionally on their abdomens. Again this can cover a relatively large area and may worsen after sun exposure.

Solar Lentigines (Sun Damage)
Age spots, sometimes called ‘liver spots’, are a form of pigmentation. They usually occur as a result of damage to the skin, from the suns rays.

Ephelides (Freckles)
Freckles are also common and usually a hereditary skin blemish. Though freckles are often thought of as attractive, some people do seek out treatment to reduce them.

PIH or post inflammatory hyperpigmentation. This type of pigmentation usually occurs after some type of injury to the skin. It can commonly occur after acne spots or other skin lesions, after traumatic skin treatments, such as inappropriate or overly aggressive laser or after over use of some skin products.

Dark Eye Cirlces:
There are two types of pigmentation that occur around the eyes.