Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT) is a hair restoration technique where a patient’s hair is transplanted in naturally occurring groups of 1 to 4 hairs, called follicular units. Follicular units also contain sebaceous (oil) glands, nerves, a small muscle, and occasional fine vellus hairs. In Follicular Unit Transplantation these small units allow the surgeon to safely transplant thousands of grafts in a single session, which maximizes the cosmetic impact of the procedure. FUT is considered an advance over older hair transplantation procedures that used larger grafts and often produced a pluggy, unnatural look. In a properly-performed follicular unit transplant, the results will mimic the way hair grows in nature and will be undetectable as a hair transplant.
Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE) is a method of extracting, or â€œharvesting,â€ donor hair for transplantation in a follicular unit hair transplant. In an FUE procedure, an instrument is used to make a small, circular incision in the skin around a follicular unit, separating it from the surrounding tissue. The unit is then extracted (pulled) directly from the scalp, leaving a small open hole. This process is repeated until the hair transplant surgeon has harvested enough follicular units for the planned hair restoration. This process can take one or more hours and, in large sessions, may be accomplished over two consecutive days. The donor wounds, approximately 1-mm in size, completely heal over the course of seven to ten days, leaving tiny white scars buried in the hair in the back and sides of the scalp. This method of donor harvesting, removing follicular units one-by-one directly from the scalp, is what differentiates the FUE procedure from a traditional Follicular Unit Transplant (FUT), where the donor hair is removed from the scalp in one thin, long strip and then subsequently dissected into individual follicular units using a stereo-microscope. After the grafts are harvested, tiny â€œrecipient sitesâ€ are made in the balding area of the scalp using a fine needle-point instrument. The follicular units are then placed into the recipient sites where they will grow into healthy hair-producing follicles.
Harvesting of hairs from chest, stomach, arms, legs and beard is called body hair transplant. Body hair transplant is the transplantation of body hair from various parts of the body and placing it in the scalp. If performed correctly there is a great potential source of donor hair that would be, compared to scalp hair, limitless depending on the amount of body hair. Because a large population of hair loss sufferers have been turned away as poor hair transplant candidates due to severe baldness. It was impossible to achieve a successful hair transplant without enough donor hair for global coverage over the scalp. Body hair to head transplant opens todayâ€™s technology to a virtually limitless amount of donor hair, eliminating this problem.
Our hair roots have different type of stem cell . The most important stem cell required for regrowth is fibroblast. 10 Hair roots are taken from the donor area ,then they are sent for separation of cells and culture for multiplication.once sufficient number of cell are grown in the culture ,they are injected live in scalp . It takes different time to grow certain number of cells in different patients . So there is no fixed formula of injecting cells on certain days .
After Initial allergy testing patch of 25- 30 fibres for compatibility with body system, they are generally implanted in crown area. The response to reaction due to fibres is judged within 3 weeks to know its sensitivity. Less than 0.001 % of population have the risk of getting these allergic reactions in the form of redness , itching, and rejection of magical fibres.in that case removal or extraction of the fibres is done.
PEP THERAPY is a revolutionary therapy for hair loss ,hair regain and hair thinning also known as vampire therapy where patients own blood is used for extraction of growth factors like pdgf ,tgf,fgf-2 igf etc. After extraction these growth factors injected into balding area of scalp ,providing growth by cell regeneration. ISHRS approved technique for hair growth which is equally effective in male as well as female. This technique is also helpful in regrowth after hair transplant.